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Battery Glossary

Acid Gravity It is a measure to identify the density of acid used as an electrolyde in the battery.
Ampermeter It is an instrument for measurement of the current flowing through the cable.
Active Material The paste which creates chemical reaction with the acid in the battery and made of a variety of chemicals and determines capacity of the battery or cold cranking
Box A part in form of plastic reservoir accommodating all components of the battery.
Battery Failure It is te case when the battery loses its functionality and is called as expired battery. Most of the time, failure of operation arising from loss of charge is perceived as expiration of the batter. The battery should be replaced if required after consulting with an authorized service center.
Battery Freeze Although called battery freeze in the sector, actually it is the electrolyde in it, not the battery, that gets frozen. If the battery is in discharge status, the freezing process accelerates.
Battery A generator which stores the electric power as chemical energy and reconverts this energy to electric energy again when a receiver is connected to its circuit, delivering it to the external circuit.
Cell A name given to the divisions in the battery box. There are 6 cells in total in 12V batteries. Each cell has electric current of 2V.
Charger Battery charger is a device supplying electrical energy to a battery.
Central Degassing System A system ensures that the gases emitted from the cells are collected and discharged through a single route.
Cold Cranking Amper It is the discharge current represented in Ampere(A) which provides 7.5V voltage which a fully charged battery reaches by the end of 10 seconds at a temperature of -18 oC It may be defined by norms such as DIN, EN, IEC, SAE, JIS, TS, etc.
Curing A thermal process applied for the electrodes in the battery to complete chemical conversion.
Corrosion A failure occurs as a result of waiting for long time without charge or deep discharges; it is also called sulfatation.
Connector It is a connection element.
Capasity Loss It is the state when the battery delivers a capacity value below the capacity indicated on the label.
Capasity It is defined as amperhour. It indicates total power that can be drawn from a battery in ampere. Capacity of the battery depends on the surface area and number of the plates and permeability of the separators used.
Cycle It is charge and discharge of a battery.
Cycle Life It is charge-discharge cycle number of a battery.
Current Electric current represents the electric power flowing through an electric circuit. Its unit is "Ampere (A)"
CCA (Cold Cranking Amps) The current for driving (the vehicle engine) in the cold.
Degassing Hole A casting technique applied by taking advantage of the effect of the gravity force.
Degassing Emission of the gasses arising as a result of chemical reactions in the battery.
Discharge Current The current drawn from the battery in case of discharge process.
Discharge Positive or negative ion charged plate that ensures formation of polarity in the battery.
Double Lid A second cover mounted on theplugs to prevent leakage on to the cover where the battery joints with the box andimpart a fully enclosed characteristic.
Explosion A failure occurs when the hydrogen gas in the battery gives damage to the box-cover as a result of arc, etc.
Exmet A grill type production. The lead bullions are made into strips, taking form of grill by method of rolling method on exmet machine.
Energy Density It is the amount of energy that unit weight of a battery can deliver.
Energy Capability of performing work. As the working principle of the battery, it converts the electric energy to chemical energy and the chemical energy to electric energy.
Electrode Positive or negative ion charged plate that ensures formation of polarity in the battery.
Electrolyde It is a form of the pure acid diluted with distilled water. Final density value optimized for high cycle number, low corrosion and maximum conductivity in the batteries is 1.285 g/cm3.
ELA A name given to the enhanced lead acids (Enhanced Lead Acid)
Flame Arrestor It is the part plalced on the battery lid to prevent any risk of burn inside the battery due to a sparkle that may form around the battery.
Gel Battery It is a name given to the lead acid battery in gel state.
Gel Electrolyde in form of gel, instead of liquid, as a result of a special treatment of the electrolyde in the battery.
Grid Lead frame conducting electric current on which the active agent is applied.
Grift Disconnection A failure occurs when the terminal, spot and element tag breaks apart.
Gravity Casting A casting technique applied by taking advantage of the effect of the gravity force.
Handle A part to carry the battery.
Hydrometer A measuring instrument used to measure the electrolyde density in the battery.
Hydrometer A density measuring instrument to measure electrolyde density in the battery.
Holddown They are the holding tabs located at lower part of the battery box. They are designed for connection to the vehicle tray.
Heavy Duty It is a type of battery used for the commercial vehicles such as trucks, buses and tractors. Thes batteries are reinforced according to the vibration and heavy road conditions.
Initial Voltage It is the voltage value to which the battery reaches after the first charge.
Initial Charge A charging process in order that the battery reches to the required voltage level after installation of the battery.
Inner Resistance Value of resistance in the battery against the electric conductivity.
Industrial Battery Endüstriyel kullanımlar için özel olarak geliştirilmiş akülere verilen isimdir.
Life Time frame during which the performance expected from the battery is provided.
Labyrinth Plug The components reducing loss of water in the battery.
Lead Acid Energy storage system where lead element is used as electrode and acid as electrolyde.
Lead Sulfate A chemical compount appearing as a result of discharge.
Lead Metal element with atom number 82.
Lid It is the part attached onto the box at time of installation which insulates the compounds in the battery against the external environment.
Location The location of the positive and negative terminals on the battery.
Maintenance Free A battery which does not require maintenance under normal conditions.
Nominal Voltage Voltage level indicated in the label of the battery.
Negative Plate A negatively charged electrode.
Negative Plate Voltage level indicated in the label of the battery.
Negative Electrode A negatively charged plate.
Oxidation Occurs when the lead metal on the terminals of the battery enters into chemical reaction with oxygen and is subject to corrosion.
OverCharge Excessive discharge of the battery due to the user or vehicle.
OverDischarge Excessive discharge of the battery due to the user or vehicle.
Pure Water A compound with densitiy of 1 gr/cm^3, consisting of 2 hydrogen and 1 oxygen atoms.
Positive Plate Positively charged electrode.
Positive Pole Terminal having positive polarity in the battery.
Polarity Polarization
Plate A framework on which is mostly made of lead on which the active agent is applied.
Paste Pulp applied to the plates as a result of mixture of the chemicals.
Parallel Connection Batteries may be connected parallel in the charging process performed by the charge. In the case of parallel connection, the currents should be summed up and the charger should be adjusted accordingly.
Plate Group It is the name given to the state of the matched positive and negative plates with envelope separator joined with lead welding.
Plug A material made of acid-resistant polypropylene and designed to automatically emit the gas during charge of the battery.
Remaining Charge It is the difference between the total capacity of the battery and the usage capacity.
Remaining Capasity It is the difference between the total capacity of the battery and the usage capacity.
Sulfatation The failure which occurs when sulphate ions in the electrolyde inside thi battery accumulate on the surface of the plate.
Stationary Batteries used at the stationary facilities.
Start-Stop Start-stop is a system helping to prevent loss of energy where it automatically switches of the engine when thereis heavy traffic or at the traffic lights and switches it on again when the driver presses the clutch pedal.
Standard Capacity Capacity value indicated on the label of the battery.
Serial Connection Batteries may be connected parallel in the charging process performed by the charge. In the case of serial connection, the currents should be summed up and the charger should be adjusted accordingly.
Seperator PE, PVC, Glassmat, AGM which prevents the negative and positive plates from getting into contact with each other and short-circuting.
Shelf Life Storage time of a battery without the need of recharge.
Short Circuit A failure occurs when the positive and negative plates contact with each other.
Self Discharge It is loss of capacity of the battery over time when it is not connected to any load.
Sealed Lid It is the lid system preventing external intervention with the battery.
Silver Tin Alloy An alloy formed by mixing the silver and tin elements at certain rates. It increases resistance to corrosion at the battery grills.
Terminal Cover Cover protecting the terminal from any external impacts.
Terminal It is the conductive part which ensures the battery to have connection with the systems around electrically.
Terminal type The dimensional difference of positive and negative terminals on the batteries.
VRLA Lead-acid battery regulated by valve.
Voltmeter Instrument used to measure voltage of the battery.
Voltage An electric pressure is required between the ends in order that the current moves in a circuit electrically. It is called POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE or VOLTAGE between the polarities. Its unit is "VOLT(V)"
Valve Material used to regulate gas emission during operation of the battery.

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